As the Syrian government forces gradually gained the upper hand in this civil war, some Arab countries began to take the initiative to show the Syrian government. The Syrian opposition is rushing to appeal to other Arab countries to reverse their stance and not to repair relations with the government led by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
According to Xinhua News Agency, with the overwhelming advantage of the Syrian government on the battlefield, and the United States announced its intention to withdraw its troops from Syria, in order to fill the power vacuum left in the eastern and northern Syria after the withdrawal of the United States, including the previous support of the opposition Armed Arab countries began to seek reconciliation with Assad to increase their influence in Syria.
In October 2018, Syrian President Assad said in an interview with a Kuwaiti newspaper that Syria has reached a major understanding with a number of Arab countries and is expected to change the hostile relationship that has lasted for many years. After that, the border between Syria and Jordan reopened in the same month.
On December 16, 2018, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir visited Syria and became the first member of the League of Arab States to visit Syria since the outbreak of the Syrian crisis. During the talks, Bashir told Syrian President that Sudan hopes that Syria will resume its important role in the Middle East as soon as possible and will try its best to support Syria in maintaining territorial integrity. Assad expressed gratitude to the Sudanese President and praised the visit of the other side to help the two The relationship between the countries returned to the situation before the Syrian civil war.
In the next half-month, several Arab countries began to repair their relationship with the Syrian government. On December 27, the UAE reopened its embassy in Damascus; on December 28, Bahrain stated that its embassy in Syria and the diplomatic mission of the Syrian capital in Bahrain have been in operation; Kuwait said recently that it is expecting more The Arab countries will reopen their embassies in Syria in the next few days, but this initiative needs to be recognized by the League of Arab States.
These countries were once supporters of the Syrian opposition, and these countries began to seek to improve diplomatic relations with Syria to let the Syrian opposition feel the crisis.
On January 6, 2019, the Syrian opposition leader, Nasr al-Hariri, the chief negotiator for peace talks with the Syrian government, told reporters in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, that he was against some Arab countries. I was surprised to try to re-establish the relationship with the Syrian government, and I hope they will change their minds.
Hariri told reporters: We have no power to stop the reconciliation, but we hope that these countries will be able to re-examine the decision and realize that they should establish a true and solid relationship with their 'Syrian civilian brothers' and not to abandon 'Syrians'. .
After the outbreak of the Syrian crisis, Syria's membership of the League of Arab States was frozen, and many Gulf countries closed their embassies in Syria in 2012. The next Arab League summit will be held in Tunis in March 2019, when Syria's return to the Arab League will be a focus.
And Hariri said that Syria's return to the Arab League is unwise and does not meet the interests of the Syrian political process.
Trump announced on December 19 that he was preparing to withdraw from Syria, while his national security adviser, John Bolton, said on his visit to Israel on January 6 this year that the withdrawal required to meet certain conditions, including the removal of extremist organizations. The country's remnants in Syria and the protection of the Kurdish allies of the US military in Syria are protected.
According to the Associated Press, Bolton's statement is that the United States first publicly confirmed the withdrawal of the withdrawal. On the same day, Trump told reporters in Washington that the US military would withdraw from Syria, but he never said that the withdrawal would be completed soon.
The area that the US military is preparing to withdraw is a roughly triangular area, accounting for about one-third of the land area of Syria. It borders Turkey in the north, Iraq in the east, and the Euphrates River on one side. It was once the core foothold of the Islamic State in Syria.
The Syrian government naturally hopes to completely recover the area, while neighbouring Turkey is concerned that once the Kurds here have a demonstration effect on the Kurds in their country, they have sent troops to Syria in late December.
Although the United States has explicitly asked the Kurds to stand firm against Russia, the Kurdish armed forces currently occupying the area have contacted the Syrian government and the Russian side supporting the Syrian government, seeking protection, and inviting the Syrian government to station on the west bank of the Euphrates River. The strategic focus of the town of Manbi.
As for the Turkish-backed Syrian opposition armed forces proposed by Turkey to replace the Kurds to continue to fight against the Islamic State, the new US Security Center Syrian expert Nick Herras believes that these armed forces are not strong enough.
According to Al-Masdar News, Nasr Hariri also claimed that Saudi Arabia also has a strong presence in the region.