Reference News Network reported on January 8 that foreign media said that a report issued by the United Nations on the 7th pointed out that criminals who traffic in human beings around the world are largely at large, and victims, including men, women and children, have been Sexual assaults on organ harvesting and other crimes, there is an urgent need to strengthen international cooperation to trace criminal networks.
According to AFP reported on January 7, despite the recent increase in the number of judgments against trafficking in human beings in Africa and the Middle East, the total number of (judgments) in these regions is still very low, and the United Nations drugs and crimes based in Vienna The Office of the Office explained in the 2018 Global Human Trafficking Report.
In fact, traffickers are not facing judicial risks. This information adds that it calls for strengthening international cooperation to trace criminal networks.
The information covered in the report is mainly concentrated in 2016, pointing out that by then, there have been so many countries with armed conflicts in the past 30 years.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime emphasizes that the existence of armed conflict increases the risk of trafficking in persons, as these conflicts are often accompanied by weaknesses in the local government, forced migration of people, breakdown of the family structure, and economic instability.
The report said that human trafficking for sexual exploitation was the most common, accounting for 59% of the victims in 2016.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime specifically pointed out that in Iraq, thousands of religious minority girls and women of Yazidi have been reduced to sex slaves by the Islamic State Organization.
One of the women, Nadia Murad, became one of the two winners of the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize, and the Nobel Committee commended her activities for the victims.
The report said that slave labor is the second most common purpose of human trafficking. In the statistics, one-third of the victims were forced to work, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East.
Between 2014 and 2017, a total of 100 trafficking cases related to organ transactions were recorded. Refugee camps are a favorite place for traffickers to seduce victims with false money promises and/or going to safer areas.
In some cases, there is evidence that traffickers collude with medical personnel.
The report quoted the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime as saying that 70% of the victims of human trafficking in the world were women and 23% were minors. Human trafficking for the purpose of forced marriage mainly involves women in Southeast Asia.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime does not provide an estimated total number of victims of human trafficking worldwide. The number of population transactions handled in 2016 was nearly 25,000, an increase of more than 10,000 from 2011, and the increase in the Americas and Asia was more pronounced.
However, the report points out that this increase may be due to a more effective resolution, rather than an increase in the number of victims.
According to the Effie news report on January 7, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime reported that 82% of the victims of human trafficking in South America are women, and their main purpose is to sexually exploit.
According to the 2018 Global Trafficking Report released in Vienna on the 7th, adult women accounted for 55% of the total, 31% of the girls and 12% of the adult men.
The UN report is based on 2016 data, stating that most victims are trafficked for sexual exploitation (59%), followed by forced labor (34%).
The United Nations points out that children's trafficking in the Andes is particularly large. In countries such as Bolivia and Peru, more children are trafficked than adults, while in Ecuador, children account for nearly half of the trafficked population.
The main method of trafficking is to transport and detain someone by force or coercion for sexual or labour exploitation. Other methods of exploitation found in South America include illegal adoption and forced begging.
Most of the victims in South America are women, and men account for two-thirds of the population who eventually become labor slaves.
The report analyzes about 24,000 cases registered in 142 countries and territories in 2016. Globally, sexual exploitation remains the most important crime in slavery in the 21st century, followed by forced labor.