China News Agency, Sao Paulo, December 5th, local time on December 5, the latest data released by the Brazilian Bureau of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) shows that according to the World Bank poverty line standard (the daily living expenses per person is less than 5.5 US dollars), 2017 The number of poor people in Brazil reached 54.8 million, accounting for 26.5% of the total number of people in the country, an increase of nearly 2 million from 2016, an increase of nearly 4%.
The data shows that according to the World Bank's extreme poverty line standard (the cost per person per day is less than US$1.9), in 2017, Brazil's extremely poor population reached 15.3 million, accounting for 7.4% of the national total, an increase of 1.8 million over 2016. 13%.
Northeast Brazil is the most concentrated area of the poor. In 2017, the region's poor population exceeded 25 million, with 44.8% of the population living in poverty. Among them, Maranhão has the highest proportion of poor people, and more than half of them are below the poverty line.
In addition, nearly half of the poor are in Acre, Amazon, Pará, Amapá, Piaui, Seyala, Alagoas, and Bahia.
The data also shows that in 2017, the living expenses of 26.9 million people in Brazil were less than a quarter of the minimum wage of 937 reais (about 243 US dollars), an increase of more than 1 million over 2016. At the same time, in 2017, the number of Brazilian households with a per capita income of less than R$85 per month (approximately US$22) reached 9.7 million, an increase of 1.5 million from 2016.
Experts believe that the deterioration of the labor market is the main reason for the increase in the number of poor people. In 2015 and 2016, Brazil experienced two years of severe economic recession, with gross domestic product (GDP) shrinking by 7%. In 2017, Brazil's GDP grew by only 1.1%, and it relied mainly on the agricultural industry. Since the beginning of this year, the unemployment rate in Brazil has remained high, the income of the people has decreased, and the number of people living in poverty is increasing.