Reference News Network reported on November 28th In October 2018, the South Asian military hotspots frequently appeared: the Indian Army Central Command changed coaches, the Japanese aircraft carrier visited South Asia to engage in joint performances, printed nuclear arsenals or introduced a new arms race. Let us review and analyze the important military developments in the region during this time.
Overview in October 2018, the overall security situation in South Asia is stable. On the one hand, the military tension between India and Pakistan has eased, and the bloody conflict has not reappeared in the Kashmir region. However, as the scale of the nuclear arsenal continues to expand, the arms race between the two countries continues. On the other hand, in the context of the US promotion of the Indo-Pacific strategy, South Asia has become a stage for competing countries.
Indian Army Central Command Change
On October 1, 2018, Abhay Krishna replaced the retired General Balwant Singh Negi and became the new head of the Indian Army Central Command. Abuy Krishna, Lieutenant General of the Indian Army, he joined the army in 1980 and has been in the throne for 38 years.
The experience of Krishna is rich and unique. He has not only served as a commander at all levels of the army, but also has a wide range of positions, covering all military units and various branches of the Indian Army. He served in the Rajputana Rifles, the Terrorist/Boundary Forces under the Eastern and Northern Commands, the mechanized units in Rajasthan and Punjab, or served as military officers, and also served as the 3rd Army of India. Military commander and commander of the Southwest Command. On August 1, 2017, Krishn was appointed Commander of the Eastern Army Command of the Indian Army.
Japan wants to pull India to contain China
From October 22nd to November 4th, Russian and Pakistani special forces held a joint military exercise codenamed Friendship-2018 in the mountains of northern Brazil. The two countries sent 200 special forces to participate in the exercise, focusing on training mountain combat courses and exchanged experiences on combating illegal armed groups. It is reported that Russia and Pakistan have been holding a series of friendship exercises since 2016, and it has been the third joint performance so far. It is worth noting that not long ago, Russia had just sold the S-400 air defense missile system to India, which directly affected the military balance in South Asia and triggered a strong protest from the Palestinian side. Russia's choice to hold joint military exercises at this time is undoubtedly to ease tensions with Pakistan, thereby realizing the right and left between India and Pakistan and expanding its influence in the region.
On October 4th, the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force helicopter carrier Kaga and the village rain-class destroyer signal ended a five-day friendly visit to Sri Lanka, during which the two navies conducted joint training in the Indian Ocean off the coast. After leaving Sri Lanka, on October 7, the Kaga helicopter carrier formation merged with the Indian Navy and conducted a 10-day training in the Indian Ocean. The two sides conducted anti-submarine, artillery and coordinated operations.
At the end of October, Indian Prime Minister Modi visited Japan. The two countries agreed to upgrade bilateral relations to a special strategy and global partnership, and reached an agreement on convening a foreign minister + defense (2+2) consultation. In addition, the two sides also agreed to strengthen cooperation in third countries such as Sri Lanka and Myanmar. Trump's proposal for India-Pacific strategy can be said to coincide with Japan. The Abe government is particularly enthusiastic about vigorously promoting the free and open Yintai strategy because it is confined to China and balance China's influence. Therefore, it is active with the Indo-Pacific region. The state strengthens security and economic cooperation.
Printing and expanding nuclear arsenal or introducing a new arms race
On October 5, India and Russia formally signed an arms sales contract for the S-400 air defense missile system. India purchased 5 sets of S-400 from Russia for US$5.43 billion, becoming the third purchase after China and Turkey. The country of the system. This is the largest military purchase agreement between the two countries in more than 20 years. It is expected that the S-400 air defense missile system will be delivered in two years. Earlier, the United States had threatened to impose sanctions on the S-400 arms sales agreement, and the United States would impose sanctions on India based on sanctions against the US enemy law. This time, India risked being sanctioned by the United States and purchased the S-400 from Russia. In fact, it has its own wishful thinking.
First, China has taken the lead in receiving the S-400 air defense missile system, which has made the Indian side very anxious and eager to purchase the system to maintain its military balance. Secondly, the S-400 is Russia's newest long-range air defense missile system with a range of 400 kilometers. It can be used to destroy aircraft, cruise missiles and ballistic missiles (including medium-range missiles), and can be used to attack ground targets. It will be deployed to the northern and western borders in the future. After that, it will greatly enhance India's national defense capabilities. In addition, India knows that it is an important part of the US-India strategy, and the United States may not impose sanctions on it in the end. Moreover, India's purchase of billions of dollars worth of weapons and equipment in the future or from the United States will force the United States to consider the possible consequences of rash sanctions.
According to the Indian Times' October 31 report, on October 30th, on the Abdul-Karam Island near the coast of Orissa, the Indian Strategic Forces Command successfully tested the fire-1 capable of carrying nuclear warheads. Type (Agni-I) short-range ballistic missile. According to information, the Agni-1 missile developed by the Indian Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has a range of 700 kilometers, a length of about 15 meters, weighs about 12 tons, and can carry nuclear warheads or conventional warheads weighing up to 1 ton. The navigation system ensures high precision in hitting the target. At present, the Agni-1 missile has been installed in the Indian Army. This successful test has further verified the stability and reliability of the missile.
In late October, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and other institutions jointly released the Yearbook 2017: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security Report, which shows that India has 120 to 130 nuclear warheads in 2017 and continues to increase its nuclear weapons reserves. The assessment was based on India's weapons-grade plutonium storage and the deployment of carrier systems for portable nuclear warheads. It is reported that by 2030, India plans to build six fast neutron reactors, and its potential to develop weapon-grade plutonium will increase substantially. At present, India is building the Indira Gandhi Nuclear Research Center in Tamil Nadu, and the new centrifugal enriched uranium plant is being built in the city of Gidela Durga, Karnataka. The plant will produce military and civilian high. Enriched uranium. In recent years, India has continuously strengthened the construction of nuclear arsenals. This will inevitably lead to a strong reaction from Pakistan, and the nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan is becoming increasingly fierce. (Author / Li Yanbin)