China News Service, United Nations, November 27th Local time On November 27th, UN Secretary-General Guterres issued a statement through a spokesman, expressing great concern about the recent situation in the Black Sea.
The statement said that Guterres expressed great concern about the recent clashes between Russia and Ukraine in the Kerch Strait near the Crimean Peninsula in the Black Sea. He stressed the urgent need to avoid the risk of further escalation of the incident.
According to media reports, three Ukrainian naval vessels attempted to enter the Azov Sea from the Black Sea through the Kerch Strait on the 25th of this month, and were subsequently detained by Russia, during which personnel were injured. Ukrainian President Poroshenko has signed a presidential decree to launch a 60-day wartime state to defend national security and eliminate threats to the independence and territorial integrity of the Ukrainian state.
Guterres urged both parties to exercise maximum restraint and take immediate steps to prevent further expansion. At the same time, in accordance with the requirements of the UN Charter, all possible peaceful means can be used to ease tensions. He pointed out that in dealing with this incident, the rights and obligations of the parties concerned under the relevant international agreements must be fully respected. In addition, Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders must be fully respected in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly and the Security Council.
Russia and Uzbekistan have different views on the ownership of the Kerch Strait and the division of the Azov Sea surface. The situation in the region was further complicated after the introduction of the Crimean referendum in Russia in 2014. Some media pointed out that Uzbekistan and Russia have reached an agreement on the principle of navigation in the Azov Sea, stipulating that vessels flying the flags of Ukraine and Russia can enter the Kerch Strait freely and stop without threatening the Azov Sea environment. Each is located in the port of the Azov Sea. However, both Russia and Ukraine have repeatedly detained each other's vessels in the waters this year.