Xinhua News Agency, Munich, Germany, February 16 (International observation) Mu'an will highlight transatlantic conflicts
Xinhua News Agency reporter Qiao Jihong Zhu Xi
The 55th Munich Security Conference (Mu'an) was held in the southern German city of Munich from the 15th to the 17th. Transatlantic relations have become one of the focuses of discussion and attention of all parties.
As the former US Vice President's Deputy Assistant Secretary for National Security, Juliana Smith, published in the Muan Association, the US-European relationship is not only complicated but also full of differences.
Contradiction 1: Partnership
German Defense Minister von Delane said in his opening speech that Germany has always been committed to building a true partnership within NATO. She believes that NATO is not only a military alliance, but also a political alliance.
However, US President Trump has attacked European allies on issues such as NATO military spending. He repeatedly accused the EU of being cheaper in the United States, saying that European countries accept NATO security protection, and that there is too little investment in NATO. European countries should increase military spending to 2% of their gross domestic product.
Analysts believe that these statements will open up the US-European conflict and add scars to the transatlantic partnership.
Smith, who is currently a part-time researcher at the New US Security Center at Think Tank, believes that US policy toward Europe has become one of the major external challenges facing Europe today.
At this Mu'an meeting, Von Delain said in response to the increase in military spending, Germany agrees with the 2% requirement, but it must also be practical and do what it takes. British Defense Minister Williamson said that European countries are increasing their military spending, not for the United States, but for a better Europe.
Contradiction 2: European Solidarity
In the face of the challenges brought by the United States, European countries are increasingly keen on defense integration and strengthening solidarity.
In 2017, EU member states signed the Permanent Structural Cooperation Defense Cooperation Agreement (PESCO), which is an important step in European defense integration. In January of this year, Germany and France signed the Aachen Treaty, emphasizing the cooperation between the two countries and promoting the construction of European integration, and issued a signal to reinvigorate the influence of Germany and France.
Von Delane said that Europe has found the right path towards defense integration and a stronger future, and the future needs to be able to cope with the crisis alone. To this end, European countries need to be united and need to unify their positions on many security issues such as arms exports.
The United States seems to be unhappy with European solidarity and integration. At the beginning of the US Secretary of State, Pompeo, he made a pessimistic conclusion on the prospects of the EU. He said that the rule-based international order is dying and the EU is one of them.
European Foreign Relations Commission expert Peter Blas said that the Trump administration does not care about European solidarity, but tries to use internal differences in Europe and even wants to deepen these differences.
Contradiction III: Iran Nuclear Protocol
The United States and Europe are equally contradictory in the issue of a comprehensive Iranian nuclear issue. In his opening speech at the Mu'an Conference, Von Delane said that NATO should unify its position on the Iranian nuclear agreement and try to retain the core content of the agreement.
The analyst pointed out that European countries such as Britain, France and Germany want to maintain the Iranian nuclear agreement and are not willing to force Iran to submit to sanctions through sanctions and diplomatic high pressure.
US Vice President Burns has publicly accused the three countries of Britain, France and Germany to establish a special mechanism for trade with Iran on various occasions, and urged the European allies to maintain the same position with the United States.
Smith said that the Iranian nuclear agreement is the symbolic result of US-European cooperation, but the United States has withdrawn from it, which is undoubtedly a face for Europe. What makes Europe even more angry is that when Trump announced his withdrawal from the Iranian nuclear deal, officials from the US and Europe have negotiated a five-month agreement on the revision of the Iranian nuclear deal.
The US current affairs columnist Fred Kaplan believes that the US government's insistence on a total denial of the Iranian nuclear agreement has made the transatlantic relationship increasingly alienated.