According to the special agreement on defense costs shared by the United States and South Korea, the amount of defense fees paid by the South Korean military in South Korea exceeded 1 trillion won for the first time, and the validity period was only one year -
One has to fight, one has to 挨
Recently, South Korea and the United States signed the 10th special agreement on the sharing of defense fees in Seoul. According to the agreement, South Korea assumed a total of 1.0389 trillion won (about 924 million U.S. dollars) in defense in the United States in 2019, an increase of 8.2% over 2018 and more than 1 trillion won for the first time.
The US military defenses in South Korea are mainly used for the internal construction of military bases in the US military stationed in South Korea, the logistical logistics support, and the expenses of Korean laborers. In 1991, Korea and the United States signed the first special agreement on the sharing of defense fees. The ninth agreement signed in 2014 expired on December 31 last year. Since March last year, the two countries have held several rounds of contract renewal negotiations.
As can be seen from the contents of the agreement, both Korea and the United States have made concessions. South Korea's defense costs are higher than its previous 1 trillion won bottom line. The United States has satisfied South Korea's demands to some extent, appropriately canceled some of the defending provisions of the title, and reduced the initial requirement of $1 billion to 924 million. Dollar. But overall, the United States has benefited more from the agreement, and South Korea's concession is more obvious.
The agreement was reached, and both Korea and the United States have their own considerations.
For the United States, the United States has always been the diplomatic logic pursued by the Trump administration after it took office. It has always advocated that allies should raise defense spending on the issue of overseas troops. When Trump participated in the presidential election, he said that South Korea has been free to ride a car on security issues, and that South Korea should bear all the expenses of the US military stationed in South Korea. Forcing South Korea to increase the amount of defense fees it undertakes is not only Trump's fulfillment of his campaign promises, but also a strong diplomatic achievement for next year's presidential election. At the same time, he can also reduce his military burden to a certain extent and help the economy. Recovery.
For South Korea, the issue of the peninsula is still the main constraint facing South Korea. Seeking cooperation with the United States is a choice that South Korea has to make. In the Korean-American marathon negotiations, the United States has repeatedly stated that if South Korea does not agree to its conditions, the United States will withdraw some US troops stationed in South Korea. Although the DPRK-ROK relations have eased, South Korea still needs the US military in South Korea to provide protection. Coupled with the second Golden Conference to be held at the end of this month, South Korea has made concessions to the United States, agreeing to increase defense fees, and will keep the two sides in step at the critical moment in dealing with the peninsula.
Compared with the previous agreement, the special agreement on the sharing of defense fees signed by South Korea and the United States has been shortened from five years to one year, which is obviously not enough to fundamentally resolve the differences between the two sides. In fact, when the agreement was signed, the United States proposed a new asking price. On February 12, when talking about the sharing of defense fees between South Korea and the United States, Trump said that South Korea should bear more defense fees, and it has agreed to pay an additional $500 million. In response, South Korea responded that it is necessary to negotiate with South Korea and the United States to increase the South Korean share, and the two sides may decide to maintain the share at the current level. However, the South Korea-US alliance is an unequal alliance after all. The aggressive attitude of the United States and the repeated retreat of South Korea also reflect that the room for bargaining in South Korea will only become smaller and smaller.
Source: People's Liberation Army Daily